The 2018 vintage: abundant ripeness and an early harvest

OVER THE COURSE OF THE YEAR...

The vines budded rather later than usual this year, which in comparison to the previous two years provided the advantage that they suffered no damage from frost. The heat wave that set in just after budding in April and May led to one of the earliest flowerings since records have been kept. In most winegrowing regions, flowering was finished in May, which amounted to an enormous head start in the vegetation cycle of two to three weeks compared to a normal year.

 

After a few downpours, viticulture, like other agricultural sectors, got started on a hot and dry summer. Drought and extended periods of heat far above the 30°C mark brought vineyards with shallow soils and recently planted parcels in particular to the very limits of stress. Where available, irrigation systems were constantly in use and growers employed all viticultural means at hand in order to counteract the enormous stress of the arid conditions. Clusters in young-vines parcels frequently had to be cropped and sacrificed in order to preserve the health of the plant itself.

 

In many regions, frequent but isolated instances of precipitation took the form of heavy rains and thunderstorms. There were also a just a few hailstorms, like for example in the Wachau’s Spitzer Graben, in Mittelburgenland, and in a couple regions of the Steiermark (Styria).

 

Significant damage from drought was recorded in those regions where it hardly rained at all during the summer, such as in large tracts of the northern Weinviertel. There, despite a good cluster-set, winegrowers will only realise modest volumes of grape must.

 

Owing to the arid conditions and the brisk progress of the vegetation cycle, growers this year had almost no danger of infection in the form of fungal diseases to contend with.

 

THE 2018 VINTAGE: EXPECTATIONS

In Burgenland, they are expecting good volume, thanks to a nice cluster-set as well as frequent rainfall – they are also looking forward to vinifying top-quality wines, especially reds.

 

AND THE HARVEST HAS ALREADY BEGUN!

Because of the precocious vintage, harvesting in the neighbourhood of Lake Neusiedl has already gotten underway. Folks have started picking grapes as well in some parts of other growing regions. In the red-wine districts of Mittelburgenland and Südburgenland as well as in the Steiermark, picking will commence in the first week of September.

 

A QUICK LOOK AT THE AUSTRIAN 2018 VINTAGE:

A very hot year, with one of the earliest harvests in many decades

Higher alcohol content, less acidity

A few minor hailstorms, almost no fungal diseases

Anticipated harvest volume: 2.6 million hectolitres (compared with the fifteen-year mean volume of 2.4m hl)

Burgenland: good volume, very good quality and the possibility of very fine red wines

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